VFOA gathers its new narratives of American experience through semi-structured interviews conducted based on interview guides tailored for each focus community. Interviewees in each focus site are identified through snowball, random, and judgment sampling. Interviews are conducted primarily by project personnel from within the focus communities, and are done in accordance with established VFOA protocols. These protocols include consent forms that allow respondents to specify whether and how they wish their interview to be handled and/or made public and confidentiality agreements, which require interviewers, other project staff, and contractors to operate in accordance with the stipulations on those consent forms. The interviews presented here have been transcribed using the intelligent verbatim model, in which ums and ahs are deleted, but the rest of the text remains exactly as spoken.
In terms of methodology, the project, especially in its reliance on interviews as its primary information-gathering tool, is clearly interdisciplinary. As such, it employs language, approaches, and values from Sociology, Anthropology, History, and Literary and Cultural studies. This blended approach is intended to allow the study to better identify and productively address the gaps in knowledge about its subject populations, gaps that have recurred because the paradigms with which scholars have approached work on these populations have been restricted by too-rigid disciplinary boundaries. The interview guide, particularly in its focus on questions of identity, cultural memory, family, and community, is highly influenced by Literary studies and Sociology. Hints of anthropological ethnography appear in the study's focus on encouraging lengthy narrative statements rather than shorter, more structured answers. Reflections of the attentiveness in contemporary Literary studies scholarship to the already questionable "truth" contained within autobiographies and testimonies, to notions of the "hybrid" and doubly creolized identities born of the secondary and tertiary migrations of African Diaspora peoples; and the unconscious transmission of memory and cultural knowledge among generations are evident in the framing of the questions.
VFOA's goal is to capture as many individual viewpoints and experiences as possible, so the project's purpose is not to gather an exactly proportional or representative sample of the population, or to measure the stories against historical data, or to prove any predetermined or hypothesized truth. This project's intention is to elicit more primary source knowledge so that teachers, scholars, and community members will not have to be as dependent on external and official histories and documents as they have been. New primary sources will build the foundation for generating a more nuanced discourse on the communities of Our America, and, simply put, make more perspectives on these populations possible.